One way to make this an even more valuable time is focusing students on their self-efficacy. Self-efficacy is someone's belief in their ability to succeed in a given situation. Many underachieving students do not believe they will be successful when facing tasks, and this lack of self-efficacy contributes to their ongoing struggles in school.
There are direct ways teachers can influence students' self-efficacy. Robert Marzano discusses seven phases for self-efficacy in an article in Educational Leadership.
The phases include helping your students reflect on the following questions:
- What do I want to accomplish?
- Who else has accomplished the same goal, and who will support me?
- What skills and resources will I need to accomplish my goal?
- What will I have to change about myself to achieve my goal?
- What is my plan for achieving my goal, and how hard will it be?
- What small steps can I take right now?
- How have I been doing, and what have I learned about myself?
How do you support your students' self-efficacy through the year?